OpenSSL is the most versatile SSL tool.

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Check openssl version

$openssl version
OpenSSL 1.0.1e-fips 11 Feb 2013
Testing ssl connection
openssl s_client -connect

How to check if following protocols are supported by a SSL website,

 -ssl2         - just use SSLv2
 -ssl3         - just use SSLv3
 -tls1         - just use TLSv1
 -dtls1        - just use DTLSv1

openssl s_client -connect -ssl3

    * If ssl3 is not supported you should see an error


openssl s_client -connect -showcerts

Check if you trust the certs (basically check the site against a java keystore etc.),

openssl s_client -connect -CAfile <Absolute_ca_file_path_location>

Available Ciphers

$ openssl ciphers

Testing a Cipher
openssl s_client -connect -cipher DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA

For more options:

$ openssl s_client -connect
usage: s_client args

 -host host     - use -connect instead
 -port port     - use -connect instead
 -connect host:port - who to connect to (default is localhost:4433)
 -verify depth - turn on peer certificate verification
 -cert arg     - certificate file to use, PEM format assumed
 -certform arg - certificate format (PEM or DER) PEM default
 -key arg      - Private key file to use, in cert file if
                 not specified but cert file is.
 -keyform arg  - key format (PEM or DER) PEM default
 -pass arg     - private key file pass phrase source
 -CApath arg   - PEM format directory of CA's
 -CAfile arg   - PEM format file of CA's
 -reconnect    - Drop and re-make the connection with the same Session-ID
 -pause        - sleep(1) after each read(2) and write(2) system call
 -showcerts    - show all certificates in the chain
 -debug        - extra output
 -msg          - Show protocol messages
 -nbio_test    - more ssl protocol testing
 -state        - print the 'ssl' states
 -nbio         - Run with non-blocking IO
 -crlf         - convert LF from terminal into CRLF
 -quiet        - no s_client output
 -ign_eof      - ignore input eof (default when -quiet)
 -ssl2         - just use SSLv2
 -ssl3         - just use SSLv3
 -tls1         - just use TLSv1
 -dtls1        - just use DTLSv1
 -fallback_scsv - send TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV
 -mtu          - set the MTU
 -no_tls1/-no_ssl3/-no_ssl2 - turn off that protocol
 -bugs         - Switch on all SSL implementation bug workarounds
 -serverpref   - Use server's cipher preferences (only SSLv2)
 -cipher       - preferred cipher to use, use the 'openssl ciphers'
                 command to see what is available
 -starttls prot - use the STARTTLS command before starting TLS
                 for those protocols that support it, where
                 'prot' defines which one to assume.  Currently,
                 only "smtp", "pop3", "imap", and "ftp" are supported.
 -engine id    - Initialise and use the specified engine
 -rand file:file:...
 -legacy_renegotiation - enable use of legacy renegotiation (dangerous)

All openssl commands 

$ openssl -
openssl:Error: '-' is an invalid command.

Standard commands
asn1parse      ca             ciphers        crl            crl2pkcs7
dgst           dh             dhparam        dsa            dsaparam
enc            engine         errstr         gendh          gendsa
genrsa         nseq           ocsp           passwd         pkcs12
pkcs7          pkcs8          prime          rand           req
rsa            rsautl         s_client       s_server       s_time
sess_id        smime          speed          spkac          verify
version        x509

Message Digest commands (see the `dgst' command for more details)
md2            md4            md5            rmd160         sha

Cipher commands (see the `enc' command for more details)
aes-128-cbc    aes-128-ecb    aes-192-cbc    aes-192-ecb    aes-256-cbc
aes-256-ecb    base64         bf             bf-cbc         bf-cfb
bf-ecb         bf-ofb         cast           cast-cbc       cast5-cbc
cast5-cfb      cast5-ecb      cast5-ofb      des            des-cbc
des-cfb        des-ecb        des-ede        des-ede-cbc    des-ede-cfb
des-ede-ofb    des-ede3       des-ede3-cbc   des-ede3-cfb   des-ede3-ofb
des-ofb        des3           desx           rc2            rc2-40-cbc
rc2-64-cbc     rc2-cbc        rc2-cfb        rc2-ecb        rc2-ofb
rc4            rc4-40

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